Albinism is a condition in which a person is born with a broken copy of a pigment gene. It is an inherited trait that affects 1 in 5 to 15,000. Under the Same Sun states that it is estimated that approximately 1 in 20,000 people are born with albinism. Some researchers prefer the term “person with albinism” to the word “albino.”
There are two types of albinism. One is referred to as ocular albinism, while the other refers to cutaneous albinism. There are a number of symptoms associated with each type. One type of albinism is more common than the others, with varying degrees of severity. Symptoms of each type are listed below. While there is no specific test for each type of albinism, a diagnosis can be made based on the patient’s age, weight, and skin tone.
People who are albino often believe that their skin color gives them special powers. Moreover, many people believe that those who lack pigmentation in their skin have special powers. Superstitions fuel these beliefs. Some believe albinos are cursed, while others believe they bring good fortune to those who surround them. The UN high commissioner for human rights has stated that attacks against albinos have increased this year in Tanzania and Malawi.
Albinos are a special species despite their lack of pigment. Stories about the albino whale are some of the most well-known examples. Other literary works contain stories about white reindeer. American Indians believed that a mythical white buffalo held the power to the Great Spirit. The white hides of the buffalo were sought out by hunters. One common misconception about albinos, is that they cannot distinguish between two types.
Albinism can also affect hair color. Albinism can lead to reddish or yellow hair that may darken as they age. Exposure to the sun may also cause hair to become tangled or stained. Skin cancer is also possible in eyes with a lower level of melanin. They may also experience trouble with vision due to reduced pigmentation. People with albinism may experience permanent damage to their skin if they don’t get treatment.
People with albinism may need corrective lenses or low vision support. These people should have their skin checked at least once per year. Because they are more susceptible to skin cancer, people with albinism should avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. In addition to UV protection, people with albinism should wear sunglasses to protect themselves from the harsh rays of the sun. Albinism can be stigmatized in certain countries, but it can also be fatal in others. In some regions of Africa, people with albinism are persecuted or even killed because they are believed to possess special magical powers.
While the non-syndromic OCA population has similar lifespans to the general population, they have a higher mortality rate from skin cancer. This is dependent on the amount of sunlight that the region receives, as well as socioeconomic factors such as socioeconomic status and dress. Additionally, the stigma associated with albinism can prevent early detection and treatment. Some even have been killed for their organs. Albinos are often subject to discrimination and prejudice in every day life.